Nootropics are cognitive stimulants considered as"smart drugs"
The first scientific research on the action of nootropics in the human brain was done in people who had mental disabilities, with very positive results. Because of this, research was extended to healthy people, also with surprising results, mainly regarding memory efficiency and reasoning.
Firstly, nootropics were recommended for older people due to gradual neuronal deterioration. In fact, the loss of cognitive ability affects more than 80% of people from the age of 30 because of the reduction of the hormone called pregnenolone.
This hormone is the precursor of most steroid hormones, such as sexual and adrenal hormones. As a person ages, pregnenolone begins to decrease and, as a result, comes from memory loss.
In 1950, Dr. Edward Anderson, a famous neurophysiologist, stated the following to the Journal of Endocrinology: "The hormone known as pregnenolone seems to have clear benefits and deserves more attention of the medical environment, for not having evidenced any adverse effect on endocrine physiology and its action has shown promise in the treatment of diseases correlated with the aging process".
There are two types of nootropics, synthetic and natural. The ingestion of synthetics requires moderation and medical supervision. As always, the greatest danger lies in the patient's chemical dependence.
The best known synthetic nootropics are:
Despite the good that synthetic nootropics can do, the best choice is the use of natural nootropics
List of 18 natural nootropics and their benefits:
Like other natural and also popular nootropics, such as chocolate and tobacco, caffeine stimulates the neurotransmitter adenosine that plays an inhibitory role in the brain, because it is one of the metabolites of ATP breakdown when its scarcity in the brain.
A substance extracted from the Chinese herb, Huperzia Serrata that has the power to inhibit for 3 hours the enzyme that degrades acetylcholine, leaving this neurotransmitter longer active, increasing memory.
It is a lipid substance that, by being incorporated into the membranes of all brain cells, improves their communication, ensuring more agility and less effort to the brain.
It turns out to be a famous plant, which substance helps reducing anxiety symptoms, as well as the chances of acquiring Alzheimer's disease, because of increased blood flow in the brain.
Its powdered version reduces anxiety, tachycardia, and lowers blood pressure.
This worldwide popular nootropic aids in brain development, especially in children, as well as in preserving normal brain function in adults. It is usually found in chia seeds, flaxseed, nuts, and especially in cold and deep water fish such as sardines, tuna, salmon, mackerel, and horsetail.
Ginseng is a root with medicinal properties and its main function is to stimulate brain cells, improving concentration and ability for cognitive activities. Another benefit is the reduction of stress in younger people, which reduces their memory capacity, so common nowadays.
It is a nootropic processed from an extract of pervinca seeds, a very popular plant in Europe and Japan. So it's been said that vinpocetine is more powerful than Ginkgo Biloba because its cerebral vasodilator is even more powerful.
9-L-Tyrosine and L-Phenylalanine
Both nootropics are amino acid precursors of dopamine and their function is to increase the ability to concentrate and reason logically.
This substance belongs to the class of racetams, with immediate effect on brain functions related to long-term memory.
Outro nootrópico com função vasodilatadora, sendo a cordergogrina, sua substância ativa que age na preservação dos neurônios, retardando o processo de deterioração.
Another nootropic with vasodilator function. Its active substance acts in the preservation of neurons, slowing the process of deterioration.
13-Creatine and Coenzyme Q10
These nootropics are recommended to accelerate the synaptic movement, boosting the functioning of the brain.
A root mostly found in the Himalayan region, very famous due to its adaptogenic properties that help in burning fat, in addition to reducing mental fatigue.
This plant is widely used by Ayurvedic medicine and its main function is to improve brain performance by increasing learning capacity, as well as facilitating information retention.
It is a nootropic that is extracted from turmeric, a super-powerful, antioxidant root that prevents free radical damage from stress and nutrient-deficiency feeding.
Nootropic originating from a plant native to India that can also be found in North Africa. Its supplementation allows the formation of new dendrites and new neuronal extensions that transmit and propagate information between neurons, with greater speed.
An amino acid found in green tea leaves that stimulates the production of serotonin, dopamine, and GABA, neurotransmitters that directly influence mood, memory, and learning.