This June 5th the world celebrates "World Environment Day". Each year, a specific theme is chosen so that everyone can give it more attention. This year's theme is "Ecosystem Restoration".
The World Environment Day, also called Ecology Day, was created in 1972 by the United Nations Conference on Environment, held in Stockholm, capital of Sweden.
Theme for 2021 event: Ecosystem Restoration.
It is estimated that if about 15% of degraded soils are restored, 60% of extinction of various species of flora and fauna will be prevented.
As a matter of fact, this concern about protecting the environment is kind of old. It began just after Industrial Revolution when technological development began.
Ecology is born
In the 19th century, German biologist Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919) was very concerned due to the effects of industrial production on the environment. Hence he coined the term "Ecology", a new discipline that studied the relationship of living beings with nature.
Thus, Ecology became a new branch of Biology.
Back in 1972, during the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm, the World Environment Day was established and being celebrated every June 5th.
June 5th is not only a day for reflection but immediate action!
Protecting the environment means preserving planet Earth, which is a living organism inhabited by living beings such as humans, animals, and plants!
7 ecosystems that can be restored and preserved:
1 - Farmlands
Those ecosystems cover more than one-third of the Earth's land surface and are perhaps our most vital ecosystems to sustain human-kind. They provide food due to their arable fields and pastures.
2 - Forests
Thanks to trees and other plants, they renew the air on the planet and keep the climate stable. By storing large amounts of carbon, they help clean the atmosphere. They are responsible for sheltering rich fauna and flora.
3 - Freshwater
Freshwater ecosystems provide food and energy for billions of people and are habitats for plants and animals. Those wetlands filter and moderate aquatic flows, storing vast amounts of carbon. .
4 - Savannas
Those ecosystems are the grasslands and savannas. They can be lands to be used by cattle ranchers for food production and also being important for sustainable tourism. They are home to iconic fauna, such as lions, elephants, leopards, rhinos, among others, as well as to a huge amount of species of birds and insects.
5 - Mountains
Mountains occupy about a quarter of the planet. Their biodiversity is very diverse and they provide fresh water and food for a large share of humanity. In the high regions, communities live and earn their livelihood as well. They are even a great deal for many sports and tourism too.
6 - Oceans
A good part of the living beings, among plants and animals, inhabit the oceans and seas, which, actually represent 70% of planet Earth. It is an ecosystem that has been often mistreated by the predator mankind. Nonetheless, they turn out to be great suppliers of seafood, through fishing mainly. They also are important climate stabilizers, generating most of the oxygen we breathe.
Urban ecosystems occupy less than 1% of the Earth's surface but are home to more than half of its population. Their human survival depends on the number of green places mainly in the big centers. Although they cover only 3% of the Earth, they store almost 30% of the carbon in their soil.
How can you help the environment?
If you really want to restore your ecosystem, do following procedures:
Preserving the forests/woods: you can help prevent forest fires through campaigns that help prevent accidents due to the lack of environmental education. For example, smoking or building large bonfires.
Protecting the animals: Fight for the animals (any species) and against their cruel treatment, mostly by the cosmetics industry. Support cruelty-free movements. Be against hunting in any case.
Fighting against illegal fishing: make it clear to those friends who invite you for fishing. Mostly when spawning or where there are endangered fish.
Cleaning beaches and riverbeds: check if the number of garbage cans in these places is sufficient, especially during holidays or vacations. Join clean-up efforts and do your job, Dude.
Joining movements against animals mistreat: fight against those places that show animals or mistreat them, like rodeos, circuses, and zoos. Report the illegal sales of animals as well.
Recycling to reduce garbage: set an example for those who throw garbage in the street or other improper places. Recycle your garbage, whether organic or not.
Avoiding water waste: Show people that water is a precious commodity that should not be wasted. Run campaigns on what can be done to exclude wasteful spending. If you can, store rainwater, reusing it for watering plants and other uses.
Avoiding energy waste: getting into the habit of turning off lights and electrical appliances that are not being used is fundamental for the environment and, of course, for your economy and for the place where you live.
Choosing for organic foods: opting for a healthy diet also generates less environmental impact, since they are produced without the addition of chemical fertilizers that are harmful to health.
Fighting for fairtrade movement: support producers and farmers to achieve sustainable and equitable trade relationships. Every Fairtrade product you choose or campaign you support enables farmers and workers to invest in their lives and take more control of their future.
"The protection and improvement of the human environment is a fundamental question affecting the well-being of peoples and the economic development of the whole world, an urgent desire of the peoples of the whole world and a duty of all governments." (summary of the "Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment ", 1972)