According to the UN, about 300 million tons of plastic waste is produced every year around the world. A great amount of it is dumped in the oceans!
Therefore, we can no longer wait to start taking effective actions in order to develop a global movement of citizens and so unite the world population in a global project for the sustainable management of the marine biome!
Oceans absorb CO2 and thus help cleanse the atmosphere as well!
It is estimated that fishing and agriculture together ensure the livelihood of 10 to 12% of the world's population. Furthermore, nearly 200 million people depend on coral reefs to protect them from storms and nodes. They occupy 71% of the earth's surface, as well as more than 3,000 meters (9842.52 feet) in the ocean's depth.
The problem of plastics in the oceans was detected a long time ago, but the solution is still far away!
Ocean garbage patches are big dumps on the high seas, containing all kinds of trash, mainly plastic debris of various origins!
The Earth has 6 huge swirls on the high seas, known as "oceanic gyres" or "garbage patch". Its currents meet and attract all the debris existing in these waters. Sunlight decomposes the debris and the plastic rises to the surface that becomes super-thick. The first large "garbage stain" was discovered in the Pacific Ocean in the early 1990s.
"There are many shreds of evidence that marine animals, from plankton to whales, ingest large amounts of plastics loaded with pollutants that can be incorporated into their food chain!" warns scientist Reisser, Ph.D. of the UWA Oceans Institute.
The worst consequence is that much of this plastic residue will end up in the stomachs of marine animals. Not to mention, the gradual destruction of the marine flora and fauna. Furthermore, birds are found dead, tangled in plastic debris. If saved they usually, get serious sequels!
See how big is the damage plastic waste does to our oceans:
The 192 countries bordering the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans, Mediterranean and Black, produced over 2.5 billion tons of plastic debris;
Global plastics consumption could reach almost 400 million tonnes per year by 2025;
Billions of microplastics, known as microbeads, are added to toothpaste and abrasive cleaning products;
Microplastics can be found in artesian wells. Its presence has been detected on all five continents.
Fortunately, "aquatic robots" have been launched into all oceans. They are programmed to collect all plastic debris and other types of waste!
To save our seas, attitudes must be taken immediately, such as:
Personal Responsibility: everyone must take responsibilities and limit the use of ordinary plastic, food scraps, and other waste found on the beach or on boats. Replacing straws, glasses, bottles, plastic canisters, with biodegradable material, can be a good way out.
Environmental Education: the obligation to educate children and adults about care, especially on the beach, is essential for awareness to be general and permanent.
Periodic Campaigns: the movements of this June 8, should be frequent, in favor of the sustainability of our oceans. Cleaning beaches should be monthly and with the support of communities and local authorities as well.